Anna Gunby can't run around as smoothly as most 4-year-olds because her wobbly legs are affected by a rare brain disease that also hinders her intellect. She can't identify colors. She can't count objects. Her attention span is short. Patients with Glut1 deficiency usually can't learn beyond an elementary school level and often can't live independently as adults. But now there is hope, say researchers.
Up to 80% of people in Africa, especially women, regularly eat clayey soil – this habit is known as geophagy. A previous study has already shown that it is a form of craving. Now researchers have shown that this practice can also be detrimental to health: pregnant women who consume particular types of soil display higher levels of lead contamination – as do their babies.
Could the bacteria that inhabit our gut influence our food choices? A new study shows, for the first time, that this idea may not be as far-fetched as it seems. Neuroscientists have discovered that gut bacteria 'speak' with the brain to control food choices in animals. They identified two species of bacteria that have a radical impact on animal dietary decisions.
Vitamin A is an essential nutrient that the human body needs to function properly. But new research suggests that normal levels of vitamin A within a high-fat diet can negatively affect expression of liver genes associated with glucose and fat metabolism.
A new study that followed more than 2,600 men and women for 16 years found that consuming less sodium wasn't associated with lower blood pressure. The study adds to growing evidence that current recommendations for limiting sodium intake may be misguided.
Researchers have discovered that diet changes and early diagnosis could help outcomes for patients with Glucose Transporter Type 1 Deficiency, a rare pediatric neurological disorder that can cause motor developmental problems and trigger seizures and epilepsy.
C. elegans, fed a diet of E. coli bacteria, are 100 times more sensitive to the chemotherapy drug floxuridine, commonly used to treat colon cancer, than worms fed different bacteria. These findings suggest that the bacteria residing in your digestive tract may play an important role in your ability to respond to chemotherapy.
Researchers find that the duration and timing of lunch and recess is related to food choices and the physical activity of school children. These findings could help schools make policies that promote healthier school lunches and increased physical activity during recess.
A new mouse study suggests that exposure to a high-fat diet in the womb and immediately after birth promotes more rapid progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease later in life. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common chronic liver disease diagnosed in adults and children.
Family structure including regular bedtimes, mealtimes and limited screen time appear to be linked to better emotional health in preschoolers, and that might lower the chances of obesity later, a new study suggests.
It has been shown that both heavy and occasional drinking among the general population are linked to eating less fruits and vegetables, and eating more processed and fried meat. This is particularly worrisome for pregnant women, as both drinking and inadequate nutrition can have adverse consequences for the fetus. This study investigated links between maternal diet and drinking during pregnancy.