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Prebiotics in infant formula could improve learning and memory and alter brain chemistry

Added: 17.01.2018 17:23 | 0 views | 0 comments

Among other benefits, breast milk contains natural sources of prebiotics: small, indigestible fiber molecules that promote the growth of good bacteria in the baby's gut. Yet for many families, breastfeeding is difficult or impossible. Fortunately, modern infant formulas are getting closer to the real thing with the help of University of Illinois researchers.

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Breakthrough enables screening millions of human antibodies for new drug discovery

Added: 17.01.2018 10:39 | 0 views | 0 comments

A new article outlines a pioneering method of screening a person's diverse set of antibodies for rapid therapeutic discovery. Antibody proteins are an important part of the human immune system that specifically target foreign viruses and bacteria, and they have been the fastest-growing class of approved drugs in the past several decades.

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Oral health may have an important role in cancer prevention

Added: 16.01.2018 17:23 | 0 views | 0 comments

The bacteria that cause periodontitis, a disease affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth, seems to play a part also in the onset of pancreatic cancer.

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Are amoebae safe harbors for plague?

Added: 16.01.2018 14:42 | 0 views | 0 comments

Amoebae, single-celled organisms common in soil, water and grade-school science classrooms, may play a key role in the survival and spread of deadly plague bacteria. New research shows that plague bacteria, Yersinia pestis, not only survive, but thrive and replicate once ingested by an amoeba. The discovery could help scientists understand why plague outbreaks can smolder, stay dormant for years, and re-emerge with a vengeance.

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An eNose is able to sniff out bacteria that cause soft tissue infections

Added: 16.01.2018 12:37 | 0 views | 0 comments

A recent study has concluded that an electronic nose (eNose) can be used to identify the most common bacteria causing soft tissue infections.

Tags: Bacteria
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New DNA technique suggests Salmonella took out the Aztecs

Added: 16.01.2018 0:02 | 1 views | 0 comments

Research, published Monday in the journal Nature, reports DNA analysis has unmasked Salmonella enterica bacteria as the cause of a 16th century epidemic that affected large parts of Mexico and wiped out an estimated 800,000 people in the Aztec Empire. The study, by Germany’s Max Plankc Institute for the Science of Human History, discovered the introduction of Salmonella in the Americas; which is believed to have been brought to the continent by Europeans. The identification of S. enterica bacteria, which causes typhoid, supports the theory that typhoid fever was...


Surfers three times more likely to have antibiotic-resistant bacteria in guts

Added: 15.01.2018 20:23 | 1 views | 0 comments

Scientists compared fecal samples from surfers and non-surfers to assess whether the surfers' guts contained E. coli bacteria that were able to grow in the presence of the antibiotic cefotaxime. Cefotaxime has previously been prescribed to kill off these bacteria, but some have acquired genes that enable them to survive this treatment. The study found that 13 of 143 (9 percent) of surfers were colonized by these resistant bacteria, compared to just four of 130 (3 percent) of non-surfers swabbed.

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